Devry PSYC 110 Chapter 03 postTest latest

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Devry PSYC 110 Chapter 03 postTest latest

Research suggests that perception may be influenced by all of the following EXCEPT:

different expectancies.

culture.

if someone is right-brained versus left-brained.

misinterpretation of perceptual cues.

2)

In Gestalt theories, the principle of closure refers to the tendency to:

complete incomplete figures.

perceive events happening close together as related.

perceive similar objects as belonging together.

perceive objects as existing on a background.

3)

Which of the following is TRUE about pictorial depth cues?

They require visual cues from only one eye.

They are often referred to as binocular cues.

They require visual cues from both eyes.

Usually they are not needed for perceiving depth in the world.

4)

Which of the following is TRUE about depth perception?

It is almost always present in people who were blind from birth and later had their sight restored.

It is the ability to see in two dimensions.

It helps one to judge how far away objects are.

It does not develop until the toddler years.

5)

The process of converting outside stimuli into neural activity is called:

perception.

sensory adaptation.

transduction.

conversion.

6)

________ is the way the brain deals with unchanging information from the environment.

Perception

Sensory divergence

Habituation

Sublimination

7)

The tendency of the brain to stop attending to constant, unchanging information is known as:

sensory adaptation.

event-related adaptation.

habituation.

sensory overload.

8)

The ________ is the lowest level of stimulation that a person can consciously detect 50 percent of the time the stimulation is present.

difference threshold

just noticeable difference

minimal sensory threshold

absolute threshold

9)

If a researcher finds that one drop of perfume diffused through a three-room apartment is the minimum amount of stimuli needed to notice the scent, then this would be a test of one’s:

absolute threshold.

just noticeable difference.

sensory receptor.

subliminal stimuli.

10)

Terry stepped on a nail while walking around barefoot in her yard one week ago. The spot where the skin was punctured still hurts, reminding her to take it easy on her foot. The soreness Terry is experiencing is known as ________ pain.

gate-control

pressure

somatic

visceral

11)

Artists use the trick of ________ to give the illusion of depth in a painting.

accommodation

texture gradient

convergence

binocular disparity

12)

Which of the following is TRUE about the Necker Cube?

It is an example of an irreversible figure.

It is part of a relatively contemporary study, published in the early 1920s.

It is an unambiguous figure.

It has conflicting sets of depth cues.

13)

The deep bass tones rattling the windows of the car next to you at a red light are at a:

high pitch.

low amplitude.

low pitch.

pure timbre.

14)

There are two kinds of vestibular organs, the:

otolith organs and the semicircular canals.

anvil and the stirrup.

olfactory bulb and the olfactory epithelium.

organ of Corti and the basilar membrane.

15)

________ can inhibit the transmission of pain signals in the brain.

Kinesthesia

Substance P

Endorphins

Synesthesia

16)

Motion sickness can be explained by:

conflict between visual input and other sensory input.

an imbalance in the kinesthetic senses.

environmental discord.

a type of allergic reaction.

17)

The sense of pain can be diminished by:

anxiety.

the vestibular sense.

the kinesthetic sense.

a sense of control.

18)

According to gate-control theory:

the activity of the spinal gate can be opened by nonpain signals.

when the spinal gates open farther, there is a greater experience of pain.

a structure in the spinal cord is closed when pain signals enter the spinal cord.

pain signals must pass through a “gate” located in the brain.

19)

Which is one of the five basic tastes?

spicy

tangy

vinegary

sour

20)

In 1996, Lindemann proposed a fifth primary receptor that detects which type of taste?

earthy

vinegary

brothy

peppery

21)

People who have difficulty with their hearing are said to be either totally or partially:

mute.

pitch challenged.

tone deaf.

hearing impaired.

22)

The ___________ contains the receptor cells for the sense of hearing.

tympanic membrane

auditory canal

organ of Corti

pinna

23)

What portion of the ear serves as a funnel for sound from the outside world?

cochlea

auditory nerve

pinna

auditory canal

24)

Which mammals have the ability to hear up to 200,000 Hz?

dogs

cats

dolphins

humans

25)

_______ is due to the lack of functioning cones.

Monochrome color blindness

Deuteranopia

Tritanopia

Protanopia

26)

What are the three primary colors of light?

red, yellow, blue

red, blue, green

red, yellow, green

yellow, green, blue

27)

According to the textbook, _______ have greater odds of inheriting color-deficient vision than ______.

males; females

African Americans; Whites

Whites; African Americans

females; males

28)

Which of the following is TRUE about the lens?

It changes shape to bring objects into focus.

It changes size depending on the amount of light in the environment.

It sends visual information to the brain.

It is the central area of the retina.

29)

________ cells have a single dendrite at one end and a single axon at the other.

Glial

Stem

Lens

Bipolar

30)

Where is the retina located?

in the brain

in the aqueous humor

at the back of the eye

at the front of the eye

 

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Devry PSYC 110 Chapter 03 postTest latest

Best Devry PSYC 110 Chapter 03 postTest latest

Devry PSYC 110 Chapter 03 postTest latest