Devry PSYC 110 Chapter 02 preTest latest

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Devry PSYC 110 Chapter 02 preTest latest

1)

The adrenal glands are located right on top of:

each lung.

the pancreas.

the liver.

each kidney.

2)

The “master gland” that controls or influences all of the other endocrine glands is the:

adrenal gland.

thyroid gland.

pineal gland.

pituitary gland.

3)

Dorothy has spinocerebellar degeneration, a condition that is likely to cause her to have difficulty with:

calculating and reasoning.

walking, speaking, and/or standing.

reading and writing.

hearing and seeing.

4)

The part of the brain that controls life-sustaining functions, such as heartbeat, breathing, and swallowing, is the:

cerebral cortex.

hippocampus.

cerebellum.

medulla.

5)

A(n) _____ is used to record the activity of the cortex just below the skull.

electroencephalograph

magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan

positron emission tomography (PET) scan

computed tomography (CT) scan

6)

A functional MRI (fMRI) and a PET scan both:

produce black and white scans of the brain’s structures.

provide detailed computerized interpretations of brain dysfunctions.

provide a way to measure the functioning and activity of the brain.

create selective injuries that allow researchers to study brain function.

7)

The part of the autonomic nervous system known as the “eat-drink-and-rest” system is the:

sympathetic division.

motor pathway.

sensory pathway.

parasympathetic division.

8)

The job of the sympathetic division of the autonomic nervous system is to:

provide feelings such as empathy and sympathy.

get the body ready to deal with stress.

control voluntary muscles.

stabilize emotions such as happiness and sadness.

9)

Neuroplasticity is:

the most advanced form of brain surgery.

the process by which neurotransmitters are taken back into the synaptic vesicules.

the brain’s ability to change both the structure and function of many cells in response to experience and trauma.

the research and study of stem cells.

10)

The ______ is composed of the brain and the spinal cord.

central nervous system

peripheral nervous system

autonomic nervous system

somatic nervous system

11)

The spinal cord’s outer section is made up of _______ and the inner section is made up of _______.

bone; synaptic vesicles

somatic cells; dendrites

bone; axons and nerves

myelinated axons and nerves; the cell bodies of neurons

12)

The ____ is a network of cells that carries information to and from all parts of the body.

nervous system

brain

spinal cord

neuron

13)

Neurons fire:

either full strength or not at all.

partially when there is a weak stimulus.

partially when there is a strong stimulus.

stronger when there is a strong stimulus.

14)

The sac-like structures that are found at the end of a neuron’s axon and that contain neurotransmitters are called:

synaptic vesicles.

dendrites.

axon terminals.

synaptic knobs.

15)

When a neuron is at rest, the ions inside the cell are mostly _______ and the ions outside the cell are mostly _______.

small; large

positively charged; negatively charged

negatively charged; positively charged

dead; alive

16)

Special types of glial cells generate a protective fatty substance called:

cholesterol.

dendrites.

axons.

myelin.

17)

When the action potential gets to the end of the axon:

the message is received by the brain.

the cell dies.

the message gets transmitted to another cell.

the cell does not return to its resting state.

18)

A branch of the life sciences that deals with the structure and functioning of the nervous system is called ________.

neuroscience

psychology

bioscience

biopsychology

19)

Which statement most accurately explains the difference in functioning between the right hemisphere of the brain and the left hemisphere?

The right processes information from the right side of the body, whereas the left processes information from the left side.

The right processes information all at once, whereas the left breaks things down into parts.

The right sees things upside down, whereas the left sees them right side up.

The right specializes in logical thought processes.

20)

The venom of a black widow spider is an example of a(n) __________, which mimics or enhances the effects of neurotransmitters.

antagonist

agonist

endorphin

beta blocker

21)

A work-related accident left Bob with a paralyzed left arm and an inability to recognize the left side of his visual field. Bob’s condition is called:

spinocerebellar degeneration.

spatial neglect.

Broca’s aphasia.

Wernicke’s aphasia.

22)

When people are walking, raising their hands in class, or smelling a flower, they are using the:

autonomic nervous system.

somatic nervous system.

skeletal nervous system.

central nervous system.

23)

If the pancreas secretes too much insulin, it results in a condition known as:

hypoglycemia.

diabetes.

dyspepsia.

premature baldness.

24)

According to the textbook, scientists are investigating the use of stem cells to:

treat cancer.

alleviate depression.

repair damaged or diseased brain tissue.

cure birth defects.

25)

Which sense is the only one that is NOT processed through the thalamus?

smell

taste

hearing

touch

 

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Devry PSYC 110 Chapter 02 preTest latest

Best Devry PSYC 110 Chapter 02 preTest latest

Devry PSYC 110 Chapter 02 preTest latest